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Old Testament
Timeline

   

DATE
(B.C.)

Old Testament Event

3969God creates Adam and Eve. Ussher's chronology places their creation at 4004, while other research suggests a date of 4024.
3969 - 3039Life of Adam (Genesis 5:3 - 5), who will live 930 years
3839 - 2927Life of Seth (Genesis 5:6 - 8)
3734 - 2829Life of Enos (Genesis 5:9 - 11)
3644 - 2734Life of Cainan (Genesis 5:12 - 14)
3574 - 2679Life of Mahalaleel (Genesis 5:15 - 17)
3509 - 2547Life of Jared (Genesis 5:18 - 20)
3347 - 2982Life of Enoch (Genesis 5:21 - 24)
3282 - 2313Life of Methuselah (Genesis 5:25 - 27)
3095 - 2318Life of Lamech (Genesis 5:28 - 31)
2913 - 1963Life of Noah (Genesis 9:29)
2411 - 1811Life of Shem (Genesis 11:10 - 11)
2313 God causes the Great Flood (Genesis 6 - 8)
1960 - 1785Life of Abraham (Genesis 25:7)
1885God calls Abram (later Abraham) at age 75 while he is living in Haran (Genesis 12)
1875God promises Abram, at age 85, he will have a son and establishes a covenant with him (Genesis 15). According to the apostle Paul (Galatians 3:17), the time span between this covenant and when the Israelites are freed from Egypt is 430 years.
1860 - 1680Life of Isaac (Genesis 35:28)
1845God tests Abraham, at the age of 115, by commanding he sacrifice his only son Issac (Genesis 22).
1800 - 1653Life of Jacob (renamed Israel - Genesis 32:24 - 28)
1709 - 1599Life of Joseph (Genesis 50:22)
1670Jacob and his family enter the land of Egypt (Genesis 46 - 47:9)


New Testament Timeline


At what age
did God create
Adam?


How long did
it take to build
Noah's ark?


What does the
ark look like?


Why did God
ask Abraham
to sacrifice Isaac?

DATE
(B.C.)
Old Testament Event
 
DATE
(B.C.)
Old Testament Event
1550 - 1069Period when Egyptian Empire, also called the New Kingdom of Egypt, is at the height of its power and prosperity 930 - 586Period of the twenty rulers (19 Kings and 1 Queen) over Judah
1550 - 1526Ahmose I reigns as Egypt's Pharaoh
(dates disputed)
 884 - 612Period when Assyria is a world empire
1526 - 1506Amenhotep I reigns as Egypt's Pharaoh
(dates disputed)
 809 - 757Part of the book of 2Kings written
1525 - 1405Life of Moses (Deuteronomy 34:7) 798 to c. 400The books of the Minor Prophets are written
1506 - 1493Thutmose I reigns as Egyptian Pharaoh 757 - 696Books of Isaiah, 1Kings, 1Samuel and 2Samuel written.
1493 - 1479Thutmose II reigns as Egyptian Pharaoh 753City of Rome is founded by Romulus
1490 - 1380Life of Joshua (Joshua 24:29) 745 - 727Tiglath-pileser III ("Pul") is King of Assyria. King Menahem of Israel pays him tribute (2Kings 15:19 - 20).
1479 - 1458Hatshepsut reigns as Pharaoh of Egypt 727 - 722Shalmaneser V reigns as King of Assyria.
1479 - 1425Thutmose III reigns as Pharaoh of Egypt. From 1479 to 1458, he is co-regent with stepmother Hatshesut 723 Samaria is conquered by Assyrian King Shalmaneser V. Israel is taken captive to Assyria (2Kings 17:1 - 6).
1445 Exodus of the children of Israel out of Egyptian bondage 715 - 686Hezekiah writes Psalms 120 - 134 and has Proverbs 25 - 29 written for him
1445 - 1405Children of Israel wander wilderness 40 years (Deut. 8:2). Moses writes first five books listed in Bible. 705 - 681Sennacherib reigns as King of Assyria
1405Joshua leads the Children of Israel into the Promised Land 701God has Angel of the Lord kill 185,000 of Sennacherib's troops as they prepare to enter Jerusalem (2Kings 18 - 19).
1398The Land of Canaan (Promised Land) is divided by lot among the children of Israel (Joshua 14) 626 - 585Book of Jeremiah, Psalm 89 and a part of 2Kings written
1398 - 1380Joshua serves as Israel's Judge 612Nineveh, capital of the Assyrian Empire, falls to Babylonian King Nabopolassar.
1358 - 1350Children of Israel oppressed by Cushan, King of Mesopotamia (Judges 3:8) 612 - 539Period when Babylon is a world empire
1350 - 1310 Othniel serves as Israel's Judge
(Judges 3:9 - 11)
 608 - 586Book of Lamentations written
1310 - 1292Children of Israel oppressed by Eglon, King of Moab (Judges 3:12 - 14) 605King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon makes his first attack of Jerusalem. Taken captive are the prophet Daniel and his companions
1292 - 1212Ehud serves as Israel's Judge
(Judges 3:15 - 30)
 605 - 530Book of Daniel written
1212 - 1192Children of Israel oppressed by Jabin, King of Canaan (Judges 4:1 - 4) 597Jerusalem attacked second time by Babylon. Judah's king is taken prisoner, Zedekiah set up as puppet king
(2Kings 24 - 25).
1192 - 1152Deborah and Barak serve as Israel's Judges (Judges 4 - 5) 597 - 570Book of Ezekiel written
1153 - 1113 Eli serves as one of Israel's Judges (1Samuel 4:18) 586 Nebuchadnezzar attacks Jerusalem a third time. He destroys city and burns the temple. Judah goes into captivity (2Kings 24 - 25).
1152 - 1145Children of Israel oppressed by Midianites (Judges 6:1) 559 - 530Cyrus the Great reigns as King of Persia
1145 - 1105Gideon serves as Israel's Judge
(Judges 6:11 - 40; 7; 8)
 555 - 539Nabonidus reigns as last Babylonian king
1105 - 1102Abimelech serves as Israel's Judge in the North (Judges 9:1 - 54) 539 King Nabonidus fights, surrenders to King Cyrus of Persia. Cyrus issues decree allowing Jews to go to Jerusalem
1105 - 1065Children of Israel oppressed by Philistines in the South and West
(Judges 13:1, 1Samuel 7:13)
 539 - 331Period when Persia is a world empire
1105 - 1087Children of Israel oppressed by the Ammonites in the East (Judges 10:7 - 8) 521 - 486Darius I the Great is Persian King
1102 - 1079Tola serves as Israel's Judge in the North (Judges 10:1 - 2) 516The rebuilding of Jerusalem's temple is completed
1087 - 1081Jephthah serves as Israel's Judge in the East (Judges 11; 12:1 - 7) 500s - 400sEzra and the Great Assembly complete the canonization of the Old Testament
1085 - 1065Samson serves as Israel's Judge in the South and West (Judges 15:20) c. 480Book of Esther written
1085 - 1053 Samuel serves as Israel's Judge
(1Samuel 7:6, 15 - 17)
 c. 455Books of Ezra, 1Chronicles and 2Chronicles are written
1081 - 1074Ibzan serves as Israel's Judge in the East
(Judges 12:8 - 10)
 c. 430Book of Nehemiah written
1079 - 1057Jair serves as Israel's Judge in the North
(Judges 10:3 - 5)
 336 - 323 Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, builds and rules his world empire
1074 - 1064Elon serves as Israel's Judge in the East
(Judges 12:11 - 12)
 331Persian King Darius III is defeated in battle by Alexander the Great. Persia falls.
1067 - 1050Samuel the prophet writes the books of Judges and Joshua 175Antiochus IV Epiphanes becomes king of Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. He begins to force Greek culture into Judea.
1064 - 1056Abdon serves as Israel's Judge in the East
(Judges 12:13 - 14)
 167 Mattathias, a Jewish priest in Jerusalem, starts a revolt against the Seleucids
1060'sBook of Ruth written 164Judas Maccabeus, son of Mattathias, leads Jewish dissidents to victory over Seleucids.
1053 - 1050 Samuel's sons serve as Israel's Judge
(1Samuel 8:1 - 5)
 147Judea gains independence
1050 - 1010 King Saul, anointed by Samuel, reigns over a united Israel 63Roman troops occupy Palestine (Judea). Jerusalem falls.
1010 - 970 King David reigns over Israel. He writes Psalms 1 - 71, 107 - 119, 135 - 150.  60 - 54A coalition between Julius Caesar, Pompey and Crassus governs the Roman Republic
1010 - 970Davidic priests write Psalms 73 - 88, 90 - 106. 44Julius Caesar is assassinated
970 - 930King Solomon reigns over Israel. He writes Psalm 72, Proverbs 1 - 24, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon. 37Herod the Great becomes King of Judea through Rome
966 - 965Solomon begins building Jerusalem's temple
(1Kings 6:1)
 27The Roman Republic ends. Augustus Caesar becomes Roman Emperor.
959 - 958Solomon completes building Jerusalem's temple. (1Kings 6:38) 20Herod the Great begins work to rebuild Jerusalem's temple
930Israel splits into two distinct kingdoms. The first is the nation of Israel (composed of ten of Israel's tribes) with its capital in Samaria. The second is the kingdom of Judah (composed of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi) with its capital in Jerusalem. 5Jesus is born in Bethlehem
930 - 723Period of the nineteen Kings of Israel  c. 4Herod the Great dies. Herod Antipas, his son, becomes tetrarch.
 
Additional Study Materials
Important People
in the Old Testament
Kings of Ancient
Israel and Judah
 
Map of Palestine
under Herod the Great


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