Old Testament Timeline

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DATE (B.C.)

Old Testament Event

3969

God creates Adam and Eve. Ussher's chronology places their creation at 4004, while other research suggests a date of 4024.

3969 - 3039Life of Adam (Genesis 5:3 - 5), who will live 930 years

3839 - 2927

Life of Seth (Genesis 5:6 - 8)

3734 - 2829Life of Enos (Genesis 5:9 - 11)

3644 - 2734

Life of Cainan (Genesis 5:12 - 14)

3574 - 2679Life of Mahalaleel (Genesis 5:15 - 17)

3509 - 2547

Life of Jared (Genesis 5:18 - 20)

3347 - 2982Life of Enoch (Genesis 5:21 - 24)

3282 - 2313

Life of Methuselah (Genesis 5:25 - 27)

3095 - 2318Life of Lamech (Genesis 5:28 - 31)

2913 - 1963

Life of Noah (Genesis 9:29)

2411 - 1811Life of Shem (Genesis 11:10 - 11)

2313

God causes the Great Flood (Genesis 6 - 8)

1960 - 1785Life of Abraham (Genesis 25:7)

1885

God calls Abram (later Abraham) at age 75 while he is living in Haran (Genesis 12)

1875God promises Abram, at age 85, he will have a son and establishes a covenant with him (Genesis 15). According to the apostle Paul (Galatians 3:17), the time span between this covenant and when the Israelites are freed from Egypt is 430 years.

1860 - 1680

Life of Isaac (Genesis 35:28)

1845God tests Abraham, at the age of 115, by commanding he sacrifice his only son Issac (Genesis 22).

1800 - 1653

Life of Jacob (renamed Israel - Genesis 32:24 - 28)

1709 - 1599Life of Joseph (Genesis 50:22)

1670

Jacob and his family enter the land of Egypt (Genesis 46 - 47:9)

New Testament Timeline

At what age did God create Adam?

How long did it take to build Noah's ark?

What does the ark look like?

Why did God ask Abraham to kill Isaac?

DATE (B.C.)
Old Testament Event

1550 - 1069

Period when , also called the New Kingdom of Egypt, is at the height of its power and prosperity

1550 - 1526Ahmose I reigns as Egypt's Pharaoh (dates disputed)

1526 - 1506

Amenhotep I reigns as Egypt's Pharaoh (dates disputed)

1525 - 1405Life of Moses (Deuteronomy 34:7)

1506 - 1493

Thutmose I reigns as Egyptian Pharaoh

1493 - 1479Thutmose II reigns as Egyptian Pharaoh

1490 - 1380

Life of Joshua (Joshua 24:29)

1479 - 1458Hatshepsut reigns as Pharaoh of Egypt

1479 - 1425

Thutmose III reigns as Pharaoh of Egypt. From 1479 to 1458, he is co-regent with stepmother Hatshesut

1445 Exodus of the children of Israel out of Egyptian bondage

1445 - 1405

Children of Israel wander wilderness 40 years (Deut. 8:2). Moses writes first five books listed in Bible.

1405Joshua leads the Children of Israel into the Promised Land

1398

The Land of Canaan (Promised Land) is divided by lot among the children of Israel (Joshua 14)

1398 - 1380Joshua serves as Israel's Judge

1358 - 1350

Children of Israel oppressed by Cushan, King of Mesopotamia (Judges 3:8)

1350 - 1310 Othniel serves as Israel's Judge (Judges 3:9 - 11)

1310 - 1292

Children of Israel oppressed by Eglon, King of Moab (Judges 3:12 - 14)

1292 - 1212Ehud serves as Israel's Judge (Judges 3:15 - 30)

1212 - 1192

Children of Israel oppressed by Jabin, King of Canaan (Judges 4:1 - 4)

1192 - 1152Deborah and Barak serve as Israel's Judges (Judges 4 - 5)

1153 - 1113

Eli serves as one of Israel's Judges (1Samuel 4:18)

1152 - 1145Children of Israel oppressed by Midianites (Judges 6:1)

1145 - 1105

Gideon serves as Israel's Judge (Judges 6:11 - 40; 7; 8)

1105 - 1102Abimelech serves as Israel's Judge in the North (Judges 9:1 - 54)

1105 - 1065

Children of Israel oppressed by Philistines in the South and West (Judges 13:1, 1Samuel 7:13)

1105 - 1087Children of Israel oppressed by the Ammonites in the East (Judges 10:7 - 8)

1102 - 1079

Tola serves as Israel's Judge in the North (Judges 10:1 - 2)

1087 - 1081Jephthah serves as Israel's Judge in the East (Judges 11; 12:1 - 7)

1085 - 1065

Samson serves as Israel's Judge in the South and West (Judges 15:20)

1085 - 1053 Samuel serves as Israel's Judge (1Samuel 7:6, 15 - 17)

1081 - 1074

Ibzan serves as Israel's Judge in the East (Judges 12:8 - 10)

1079 - 1057Jair serves as Israel's Judge in the North (Judges 10:3 - 5)

1074 - 1064

Elon serves as Israel's Judge in the East (Judges 12:11 - 12)

1067 - 1050Samuel the prophet writes the books of Judges and Joshua

1064 - 1056

Abdon serves as Israel's Judge in the East (Judges 12:13 - 14)

1060'sBook of Ruth written

1053 - 1050

Samuel's sons serve as Israel's Judge (1Samuel 8:1 - 5)

1050 - 1010 King Saul, anointed by Samuel, reigns over a united Israel

1010 - 970

King David reigns over Israel. He writes Psalms 1 - 71, 107 - 119, 135 - 150.

1010 - 970Davidic priests write Psalms 73 - 88, 90 - 106.

970 - 930

King Solomon reigns over Israel. He writes Psalm 72, Proverbs 1 - 24, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon.

966 - 965Solomon begins building Jerusalem's temple (1Kings 6:1)

959 - 958

Solomon completes building Jerusalem's temple. (1Kings 6:38)

930Israel splits into two distinct kingdoms. The first is the nation of Israel (composed of ten of Israel's tribes) with its capital in Samaria. The second is the kingdom of Judah (composed of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi) with its capital in Jerusalem.

930 - 723

Period of the nineteen Kings of Israel

930 - 586Period of the twenty rulers (19 Kings and 1 Queen) over Judah

884 - 612

Period when Assyria is a world empire

809 - 757Part of the book of 2Kings written

798 to c. 400

The books of the Minor Prophets are written

757 - 696Books of Isaiah, 1Kings, 1Samuel and 2Samuel written.

753

City of Rome is founded by Romulus

745 - 727Tiglath-pileser III ("Pul") is King of Assyria. King Menahem of Israel pays him tribute (2Kings 15:19 - 20).

727 - 722

Shalmaneser V reigns as King of Assyria.

723 Samaria is conquered by Assyrian King Shalmaneser V. Israel is taken captive to Assyria (2Kings 17:1 - 6).

715 - 686

Hezekiah writes Psalms 120 - 134 and has Proverbs 25 - 29 written for him

705 - 681Sennacherib reigns as King of Assyria

701

God has Angel of the Lord kill 185,000 of Sennacherib's troops as they prepare to enter Jerusalem (2Kings 18 - 19).

626 - 585Book of Jeremiah, Psalm 89 and a part of 2Kings written

612

Nineveh, capital of the Assyrian Empire, falls to Babylonian King Nabopolassar.

612 - 539Period when Babylon is a world empire

608 - 586

Book of Lamentations written

605King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon makes his first attack of Jerusalem. Taken captive are the prophet Daniel and his companions

605 - 530

Book of Daniel written

597Jerusalem attacked second time by Babylon. Judah's king is taken prisoner, Zedekiah set up as puppet king (2Kings 24 - 25).

597 - 570

Book of Ezekiel written

586 Nebuchadnezzar attacks Jerusalem a third time. He destroys city and burns the temple. Judah goes into captivity (2Kings 24 - 25).

559 - 530

Cyrus the Great reigns as King of Persia

555 - 539Nabonidus reigns as last Babylonian king

539

King Nabonidus fights, surrenders to King Cyrus of Persia. Cyrus issues decree allowing Jews to go to Jerusalem

539 - 331Period when Persia is a world empire

521 - 486

Darius I the Great is Persian King

516The rebuilding of Jerusalem's temple is completed

500s - 400s

Ezra and the Great Assembly complete the canonization of the Old Testament

c. 480Book of Esther written

c. 455

Books of Ezra, 1Chronicles and 2Chronicles are written

c. 430Book of Nehemiah written

336 - 323

Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, builds and rules his world empire

331Persian King Darius III is defeated in battle by Alexander the Great. Persia falls.

175

Antiochus IV Epiphanes becomes king of Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. He begins to force Greek culture into Judea.

167 Mattathias, a Jewish priest in Jerusalem, starts a revolt against the Seleucids

164

Judas Maccabeus, son of Mattathias, leads Jewish dissidents to victory over Seleucids.

147Judea gains independence

63

Roman troops occupy Palestine (Judea). Jerusalem falls.

60 - 54A coalition between Julius Caesar, Pompey and Crassus governs the Roman Republic

44

Julius Caesar is assassinated

37Herod the Great becomes King of Judea through Rome

27

The Roman Republic ends. Augustus Caesar becomes Roman Emperor.

20Herod the Great begins work to rebuild Jerusalem's temple

5

Jesus is born in Bethlehem

c. 4Herod the Great dies. Herod Antipas, his son, becomes tetrarch.

Additional Study Materials
Important People in the Old Testament
Kings of Ancient Israel and Judah
Map of Palestine under Herod the Great
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