Roman Empire Timeline
and Old Testament Events

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Roman Republic

753 - Legend states Rome is started by Romulus.

753 to 715 - Romulus reigns.

715 to 673 - Roman senate created

753 to 509 - Period Ruled by the Seven Kings

617 to 578 - Rome's largest Circus called the Circus Maximus is built.

534 to 509 - Lucius Superbus reigns as the last king

509 - What is known as the Roman Republic starts

396 - The Republic captures and sacks the Etruscan city of Veii after a 10-year siege.

390 - At Allia the army is soundly defeated by the Gauls

326 - Second Samnite War begins.

304 - Second Samnite War ends and the Republic begins to establish many new colonies.


Old Testament Timeline

814 to 723 - Jehohaz, Jehoash, Jeroboam II, Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekah, Pekahiah and Hoshea reign over Israel

798 to 711 - Prophetic books of Jonah, Amos, Hosea and Micah written.

796 to 598 - Amaziah, Azariah (Uzziah), Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoahaz (Shallum) and Jehoiakim reign over the Kingdom of Judah

723 - FALL OF SAMARIA. Samaria, the capital of Israel (northern 10 tribes) falls to Assyrian King Shalmaneser V. Israelites are taken captive to Assyria.

711 - Prophetic book of Nahum written.

597- FALL OF JERUSALEM. Jerusalem falls at the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. He captures Judah's King Jehoiachin and takes him as prisoner to Babylon. He sets up Zedekiah as the new King of Judah

586- King Nebuchadnezzar attacks and conquers Jerusalem. The city is left in ruins and the temple is burnt to the ground.

Animated Map of Rome's Rise and Fall!

List of the Kings of Israel and Judah

Was Rome the greatest empire ever?

Picture of most important military road

Map of the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel

Roman Republic

241 - After defeating Carthage in the Punic war Rome takes over Corsica and Sardinia. They become the Republic's first provinces.

218 to 201 - The Republic wars a second time against Carthage. They are defeat at the River Trebia.

214 to 205 - Rome defeated in Macedonian War

63 - Roman troops occupy Palestine (Judea).  Jerusalem falls.

60 to 54 - First triumvirate formed as informal coalition between Pompey, Caesar and Crassus used to govern the Roman Republic.

44 - Caesar is murdered

30 - Egypt conquered and becomes a province of the Republic

27 - The Republic ends and is replaced with the Empire


Old Testament Timeline

516 - The rebuilding of Jerusalem's (Solomon's) temple is completed.

c. 400 - Prophetic book of Malachi, the last book to be considered part of the Old Testament, is written.

147 - Judea gains its independence from the Seleucid Empire.

63 - Fall of Jerusalem at the hands of the Roman Empire

5 - Jesus is born of the virgin Mary in Bethlehem.

Additional Study Materials
Map of the empire at its peak
Important People in the Old Testament
Did Caesar have a child with Cleopatra?
The seven hills of ancient Jerusalem
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