Roman Empire Timeline
and Old Testament Events

Roman Republic - Empire Timeline


Old Testament Timeline

753 - Legend states Rome is started by Romulus.
753 to 715 - Romulus reigns.
715 to 673 - Roman senate created
753 to 509 - Period Ruled by the Seven Kings
617 to 578 - Rome's largest Circus called the Circus Maximus is built.
534 to 509 - Lucius Superbus reigns as the last king
509 - What is known as the Roman Republic starts
396 - The Republic captures and sacks the Etruscan city of Veii after a 10-year siege.
390 - At Allia the army is soundly defeated by the Gauls
326 - Second Samnite War begins.
304 - Second Samnite War ends and the Republic begins to establish many new colonies.
241 - After defeating Carthage in the Punic war Rome takes over Corsica and Sardinia. They become the Republic's first provinces.
218 to 201 - The Republic wars a second time against Carthage. They are defeat at the River Trebia.
214 to 205 - Rome defeated in Macedonian War
63 - Roman troops occupy Palestine (Judea).  Jerusalem falls.
60 to 54 - First triumvirate formed as informal coalition between Pompey, Caesar and Crassus used to govern the Roman Republic.
44 - Caesar is murdered
30 - Egypt conquered and becomes a province of the Republic
27 - The Republic ends and is replaced with the Empire
814 to 723 - Jehohaz, Jehoash, Jeroboam II, Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekah, Pekahiah and Hoshea reign over Israel
798 to 711 - Prophetic books of Jonah, Amos, Hosea and Micah written.
796 to 598 - Amaziah, Azariah (Uzziah), Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoahaz (Shallum) and Jehoiakim reign over the Kingdom of Judah
723 - FALL OF SAMARIA. Samaria, the capital of Israel (northern 10 tribes) falls to Assyrian King Shalmaneser V. Israelites are taken captive to Assyria.
711 - Prophetic book of Nahum written.
597  - FALL OF JERUSALEM. Jerusalem falls at the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. He captures Judah's King Jehoiachin and takes him as prisoner to Babylon. He sets up Zedekiah as the new King of Judah
586 - King Nebuchadnezzar attacks and conquers Jerusalem. The city is left in ruins and the temple is burnt to the ground.
516 - The rebuilding of Jerusalem's (Solomon's) temple is completed.
c. 400 - Prophetic book of Malachi, the last book to be considered part of the Old Testament, is written.
147 - Judea gains its independence from the Seleucid Empire.
63 - Fall of Jerusalem at the hands of the Roman Empire
5 - Jesus is born of the virgin Mary in Bethlehem.
Additional Study Materials
Map of the empire
at its peak
Important People
in the Old Testament
What was Caesar's relationship
with Egyptian Queen Cleopatra?
Animated Map
of the Rise and
Fall of the Empire!
List of the
Kings of Israel
and Judah
Was Rome
the greatest
empire ever?
Picture of
most important
military road
Map of the
Kingdoms of
Judah and Israel
The seven hills
of ancient Jerusalem

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