The Old Testament
Minor Prophets

What is commonly known as the "minor prophets" is a collection of writings in the Old Testament from twelve different men inspired by God. The longest of these books are Hosea and Zechariah, with each having fourteen (14) chapters. The shortest prophetic book in this series is Obadiah, with only one chapter, followed by Haggai, which has only two.

The Minor Prophets, in alphabetical order, are Amos, Habakkuk, Haggai, Hosea, Joel, Jonah, Malachi, Micah, Nahum, Obadiah, Zechariah, and Zephaniah. Their books are considered minor since each is much shorter than the writings of Isaiah (sixty-six chapters), Jeremiah (fifty-two chapters), and Ezekiel (forty-eight chapters). If all of their writings were combined into a single book, it would be only two-thirds of the size of the book of Isaiah.

The Book of Daniel, although it contains important prophecies from Daniel’s time to the end of the age and Christ’s return, is not included as part of the writings of the prophets. This is because Daniel wrote in Babylon during the Jews’ 70-year exile in captivity due to their sins.

Date
(B.C.)
Name
Theme
Prophecies
Sins Addressed
 
798
Jonah
Jonah as type
of Jesus Christ
and mercy to Repentant
Nineveh,
with implications
to all people
Cruelty of
Assyrians
 
796
Amos
Day of the Lord
Israel, Judah,
Benjamin and
all nations
Oppression of the poor, sexual immorality, wanton luxury and corrupt laws
 
796 - 719
Hosea
Salvation
Israel
(Ten Tribes
of Israel)
Adultery, drunkenness,
idolatry, licentiousness
 
List of the
Kings of Israel
and Judah
 
 
What does
Ezekiel's wheel
in a wheel
vision MEAN?
 
 
Are there
modern-day
prophets?
 
 
Map of the
Babylonian Empire

Date
Prophets Name
Theme
Prophecies
Sins Addressed
 
740 - 711
Micah
The Eternal is
a just Judge
Samaria,
Jerusalem,
All Nations
Lack of justice and oppression
 
711
Nahum
Judgment on Nineveh
and comfort to Israel
Assyrians,
primarily city
of Nineveh
Cruelty of Assyrians,
overstepped boundaries
 
626
Habakkuk
God embraces Judah
through destroying
the Chaldeans
Babylon with
implications for
all people
Aggression, plunder,
greed, graft, idolatry
and inhumanity
 
626
Zephaniah
God's indignation,
Israel repents then
God saves them
Judah, Jerusalem,
ALL people about
Day of the Lord
Spiritual fornication
 
596 - 586
Joel
Day of the Lord
Israel
Adultery, drunkenness,
idolatry, licentiousness
 
590
Obadiah
Day of the Lord,
Edom's Destruction,
Israel's restoration
Against
Edom
Edom had continual
violence toward Jacob
 
520
Haggai
The restoration Temple
points to the Church
Zerubbabel,
Joshua and the
returned remnant
Neglect in building
God's House,
procrastination
 
520 - 518
Zechariah
The coming of
God's Kingdom
preceded by
building of Temple
Zerubbabel,
Joshua and the
returned remnant
Joshua's filthy garments,
Lack of judgment,
mercy and peace
 
c. 400
Malachi
Be prepared for
the Messenger
that is to come
Israel and
'Israel of God'
today (the church)
Priests neglect duties,
people chided for
divorce, adultery,
criticizing, robbing God

Additional Study Materials
What else is known about
the Minor Prophets?
List of prophetic world empires
from Babylon to the Beast!
 
What does the Old Testament
say about false prophets?


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