The Old Testament
Minor Prophets

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What is commonly known as the "minor prophets" is a collection of writings in the Old Testament from twelve different men inspired by God. The longest of these books are Hosea and Zechariah, with each having fourteen (14) chapters. The shortest prophetic book in this series is Obadiah, with only one chapter, followed by Haggai, which has only two.

The Minor Prophets, in alphabetical order, are Amos, Habakkuk, Haggai, Hosea, Joel, Jonah, Malachi, Micah, Nahum, Obadiah, Zechariah, and Zephaniah. Their books are considered minor since each is much shorter than the writings of Isaiah (sixty-six chapters), Jeremiah (fifty-two chapters), and Ezekiel (forty-eight chapters). If all of their writings were combined into a single book, it would be only two-thirds of the size of the book of Isaiah.

The Book of Daniel, although it contains important prophecies from Daniel’s time to the end of the age and Christ’s return, is not included as part of the writings of the prophets. This is because Daniel wrote in Babylon during the Jews’ 70-year exile in captivity due to their sins.

Date (B.C.)
Name
Theme - Prophecies Concerning - Sins Addressed

798

Jonah

Jonah as type of Jesus Christ and mercy to Repentant. Against Nineveh, with implications to all people. Cruelty of Assyrians.

796
Amos
Day of the Lord. Against Israel, Judah, Benjamin and all nations. Oppression of the poor, sexual immorality, wanton luxury and corrupt laws.

796 - 719

Hosea

Salvation. Against Israel (Ten Tribes of Israel). Adultery, drunkenness, idolatry, licentiousness

List of the Kings of Israel and Judah

Ezekiel's wheel in a wheel vision

Are there modern-day prophets?

Map of the Babylonian Empire

Date
Name
Theme - Prophecies Concerning - Sins Addressed

740 - 711

Micah

The Eternal is a just Judge. Against Samaria, Jerusalem and All Nations. Lack of justice and oppression.

711
Nahum
Judgment on Nineveh and comfort to Israel. Against Assyrians, primarily city of Nineveh. Cruelty of Assyrians, overstepped boundaries.

626

Habakkuk

God embraces Judah through destroying the Chaldeans. Against Babylon with implications for all people. Aggression, plunder, greed, graft, idolatry and inhumanity

626
Zephaniah
God's indignation, Israel repents then God saves them. Against Judah, and ALL people, concerning the Day of the Lord. Spiritual fornication.

596 - 586

Joel

Day of the Lord. Against Israel and all people. Adultery, drunkenness, idolatry, licentiousness.

590
Obadiah
Day of the Lord, Edom's Destruction, Israel's restoration. Against Edom. Edom had continual violence toward Jacob.

520

Haggai

The restoration Temple points to the Church. Concerning Zerubbabel, Joshua and the returned remnant. Neglect in building God's House, procrastination

520 - 518
Zechariah
The coming of God's Kingdom preceded by building of Temple. Concerning Zerubbabel, Joshua and the returned remnant. Joshua's filthy garments, lack of judgment, mercy and peace.

c. 400

Malachi

Be prepared for the Messenger that is to come. Concerning Israel and 'Israel of God' today (the church). Priests neglect duties, people chided for divorce, adultery, criticizing, robbing God.


Additional Study Materials
List of world empires from Babylon to the Beast!
What does God's word say about false prophets?
What else is known about the Minor Prophets?
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