Israel at the
time of the Judges

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Map of Israel at the time of the Judges
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Below is a list of all the Judges God placed over his people from the time of Joshua to just before Saul is made king over a united Israel. All dates are B.C. The list includes the time each person served as a Judge, which part of the Promised Land he or she administered (if applicable) and notes regarding his or her service in Israel.

Joshua
1398 to 1380
Joshua's name means 'Jehovah is his help' or 'Jehovah the Savior.' He led Israel into the Promised Land (1405 B.C.) after the death of Moses. He was the first of eighteen Judges to govern God's people.

Othniel
1350 to 1310
Othniel, whose name means 'lion of God,' was married to one of Caleb's daughters (Joshua 15:16 - 17). God raised him up to save his people Israel when they were oppressed for eight years by Cushan, the King of Mesopotamia

Ehud
1292 to 1212
God raised up this judge when Israel was oppressed by Eglon, King of Moab.

Battles of Gideon Map!
Kings of Israel and Judah
The Life of Samson!

Deborah and Barak
1192 to 1152
Deborah's name means 'a bee' and Barak's means 'lightning.' It was Deborah, a prophetess, who summoned Barak to lead the army. They were successful in freeing the people from the bondage and slavery of Jabin, King of Hazor.

Eli
1153 to 1113
Eli was both a High Priest and Judge in Israel. He had two sons, Phinehas and Hophni, who served as priests ministering at God's tabernacle in Shiloh.

Gideon
1145 to 1105
Gideon saved the people from the oppression of the Midianites. After his victory there was peace for forty years.

Abimelech (in the North)
1105 to 1102
Abimelech was one of Gideon's seventy sons. The irony is that although he did not save Israel from any enemy, he was so evil that the people had to be saved from HIM (see Judges 9)!

Tola (in the North)
1102 to 1079
Tola's name comes from the Hebrew word meaning 'scarlet worm' or the color of scarlet. He was from the tribe of Issachar.

Jephthah (in the East)
1087 to 1081
Jephthah saved Israel from eighteen years of oppression by the Ammonites.

Samson (in the South and West)
1085 to 1065
Samson was a Nazarite from birth (Judges 13:3 - 5). He is the first person Scripture mentions as living the life of a Nazarite. God raised him up to free Israel from their sworn enemies the Philistines.

Samuel
1085 to 1053
Samuel's name means 'heard of God.' Samuel anoints Saul, then later David, as king of God's people Israel.

Ibzan (in the East)
1081 to 1074
Had thirty sons and thirty daughters (Judges 12:9).

Jair (in the North)
1079 to 1057
Jair, who was fairly wealthy, had thirty sons (Judges 10:3 - 5).

Elon (in the East)
1074 to 1064
Elon was of the tribe of Zebulon.

Abdon (in the East)
1064 to 1056
Abdon, whose name means 'servile,' had forty sons and thirty nephews who lived in Israel (Judges 12:14).

Samuel's two sons
1053 to 1050
The name of Samuel's sons that served as judges of Israel are Joel (the oldest) and Abijah. Because of their corrupt behavior, the nation's elders ask Samuel to anoint them a human king like all the nations around them (1Samuel 8). Samuel anoints Saul as the first human king over Israel in 1050 B.C.

Additional Study Materials
The Life of King David
Did Jephthah sacrifice his daughter?
How did God punish the Philistines?
Why did David wait to be king?
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