The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 19
The number 19, which is the combining of 10 and 9, usually denotes God's perfect order in regard to his judgment in the Bible. The names Job and Eve, if we substitute letters for numbers, add up to 19.
What does the number 19 mean in relation to Israel? The united kingdom split into two pieces after the death of Solomon. The piece referred to as Israel, or the Northern Ten Tribes, had Jeroboam as their first king (930 to 909 B.C.). Judah's first king was Rehoboam (930 to 913 B.C.).
Including Jeroboam, Israel was ruled by nineteen (19) kings before God allowed them to be conquered by the Assyrians. They were conquered and taken out of the land as captives due to their many sins against the Eternal.
Appearances of the number nineteen
Discovered in 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls were found east of Jerusalem. Among all the scrolls unearthed over the years, nineteen copies of Isaiah the prophet have been identified. Of the ten most frequently mentioned women in the Bible, Mary (Jesus' mother) is listed 19 times.
Nahor, the father of Terah, lived one hundred and nineteen years after he begat Abraham's father (Genesis 11:25). He lived to the ripe old age of 148. The number 19 itself appears only three times in the Bible (Genesis 11:25, Joshua 19:38 and 2Samuel 2:30).
The number nineteen and prophecy
The Israelite tribe of Naphtali received 19 cities, with their villages, as part of their inheritance in the Promised Land (Joshua 19:38). Their gift of land, from God, was in the northern most part of what would become Israel. It encompassed the entire western section of the Sea of Galilee.
Isaiah prophesied that the land of Naphtali and Zebulon would someday see a shining beacon in their lands (Isaiah 9:1 - 2). This prophecy, which only the book of Matthew records as being fulfilled, came true during the life of Jesus. Matthew states, "The people who were sitting in darkness have seen a great light; and to those who were sitting in the realm and shadow of death, light has sprung up." (Matthew 4:16, HBFV).
The fulfillment of this prophecy related to 19 occurred when Christ, who had lived in Nazareth all his life, moved at the age of 30 to the Galilean city of Capernaum. Once in the city he started his ministry and began to preach the gospel (Matthew 4:14 - 17).
Additional info on the Biblical Meaning of 19
The Hebrew calendar is the Biblical method for determining when God's seven annual Feast days should be kept. It was the calendar that Jesus, the apostles, and the early church considered authoritative concerning when to keep such celebrations as Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Trumpets (Calendar of Christ and Apostles by C. Franklin, revised 2004).
This method of tracking time is based on a repeating 19 year time cycle. The Hebrew civil calendar adds an additional month (making 13 months total) in years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 and 19 of each cycle. Such leap periods are necessary in order to help the lunar and solar years stay in sync. Postponement rules are also used to declare the first day of each civil year.
Psalm number 19, written by King David, declares that the heavens and everything else humans see is a living testament to the existence, glory and power of God. The Apostle Paul reiterates this fact in verse 19 of Romans 1 when he writes, "Because that which may be known of God is manifest among them, for God has manifested it to them" (HBFV).