The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 59
The possible meaning of the number 59 is derived from both the writings in Scripture and the history behind some of its events.
The united Kingdom of Israel, in 930 B.C., split into two pieces after the death of Solomon. The biggest piece was composed of ten Israelite tribes. The smaller piece, the Kingdom of Judah, was composed of two tribes plus the priestly tribe of Levi. The first ruler of the newly formed kingdom was Solomon's son Rehoboam. He reigned from 930 to 913 B.C. and died at the age of 59.
Paul, in 59 A.D., is in the middle of a two-year stay as a Roman prisoner in Caesarea. He will not leave the city until the following year when he is sent, via ship, to Rome per his request (Acts 25, 27).
Apostle Paul is 59 years old in 61 A.D. He arrives in Rome, in the early part of the year, as a prisoner to await his trial before Emperor Nero.
Appearances of the number fifty-nine
Judah's King Jehoshaphat ruled from 872 to 848 B.C. Consider one of the kingdom's better monarchs, he made his son Jehoram co-ruler in 853. Jehoshaphat then lived only a few more years until he died at the age of 59.
Isaiah 59 reveals several reasons why God does not respond to prayers asking for his help.
Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened that it cannot save, nor is His ear heavy that it cannot hear. But your iniquities have come between you and your God, and your sins have hid His face from you, that He will not hear.
For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue has muttered perverseness.
None calls for justice, nor does anyone plead for truth . . . (verses 1 to 4).
Number 59 and mercy
Psalm 59 was written by David when King Saul sent men to watch his house in order to kill him (1Samuel 19:8 - 11)! His song pleads for God's protection then praises his abundant mercy.
Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; defend me from those who rise up against me. Deliver me from the workers of evil and save me from bloody men, for behold, they lie in wait for my soul; the mighty are gathered against me . . .
But I will sing of Your power; yea, I will sing aloud of Your mercy in the morning; for You have been my fortress and refuge in the day of my trouble. To You, O my Strength, I will sing; for God is my fortress and the God who shows me steadfast love (verses 1 - 3, 16 - 17 of Psalm 59).
Additional info on Biblical Meaning of 59
Leviticus 13, Luke 12 and John 8 each number exactly 59 verses. The words "redeem" and "redeeming" occur in at least fifty-nine places in the King James translation, with the overwhelming majority of uses in the Old Testament.
Book number 59 in the KJV Bible is the book of James. This writing was authored by one of Jesus' half-brothers of the same name. James, according to the Apostle Paul in 1Corinthians 15:7, was blessed with a special post-resurrection visit by Christ just before his ascension into heaven.