The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 390
The meaning of the number 390 is derived from God's punishment of ancient Israel and the occurrence of certain words in Scripture's original languages.
God commanded ancient Israel to observe what is known as a Sabbatical year (Exodus 23:10 - 11, Leviticus 25:1 - 7, 19 - 23). The beginning of this special period was proclaimed on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) at the start of every seventh year. During this time the land rested from any agricultural activity, the law of God was read publically, and Israelites were to cancel all debts to fellow Israelites (Deuteronomy 15:1 - 4). A Biblical Sabbatical year ran from September 17 in 389 A.D. to October 5 in 390.
The only original language word in the Bible recorded 390 times is zahab (Strong's #H2091). It comes from a root word which means to shimmer or shine like gold. It can also describe something that is gold colored. It is the most common of several Hebrew words used to refer to gold.
Zahab is found 105 out of its 390 times in the book of Exodus, the most of any Old Testament book. Its first two appearances occur in Genesis where it discusses the four rivers that watered the Garden of Eden.
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was divided and became four heads. The name of the first is Pishon, which surrounds all the land of Havilah, where there is gold (zahab). And the gold (zahab) of that land is good. There is also bdellium and the onyx stone (Genesis 2:10 - 12, HBFV).
Appearances of Number Three Hundred Ninety
Akkad, listing 390 in Strong's Concordance's Hebrew Definitions, is found only once in the entirety of Scripture. Its only occurrence is in the book of Genesis where it lists all the cities Nimrod ruled. Accad, part of Nimrod's kingdom, was located in the plain of Shinar near Babylon.
And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad (akkad), and Calneh, in the land of Shinar (Genesis 10:8 - 10, KJV).
Anastrepho, listing 390 in Strong's Greek Definitions, is found 11 times in the New Testament's original Greek. The word means to overturn, return, overthrow or to metaphorically behave oneself. The word is utilized by the Apostle John to describe Jesus' response to seeing moneychangers, during the Passover season, at Jerusalem's holy temple.
And He (Jesus) found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money exchangers sitting there;
And after making a scourge of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with both the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money exchangers, and overturned (anastrepho) the tables (John 2:14 - 15, HBFV).
Israel's Punishment and Number 390
390, in Scripture, symbolizes a separated and punished Israel (Ezekiel 4:5). This is because Ezekiel was commanded to lay on his left side 390 days to represent the sins of the people and the length of their punishment in years.
And you, son of man, take a tile to yourself, and lay it before you, and portray on it the city Jerusalem. And lay siege against it, and build a fort against it, and cast a mound against it. Also set the camp against it, and set battering rams against it all around.
And take an iron griddle to yourself, and set it for a wall of iron between you and the city. And set your face toward it, and it shall be under attack. And you shall set a battle against it. This shall be a sign to the house of Israel.
Also lie on your left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel on it; according to the number of days that you shall lie on it, you shall bear their iniquity. For I have laid on you the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety (390) days. So you shall bear the iniquity of the house of Israel (Ezekiel 4:1 - 5, HBFV).
More Info on Biblical Meaning of 390
The number 390 is equal to the multiplication of the four primes 2, 3, 5 and 13. It is also equal to the addition of the four consecutive primes 89, 97, 101 and 103.
The English word Lord is written 390 times in 312 verses of the King James translation of 2Chronicles. The word's first appearance is in the book's first verse.
And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the Lord his God was with him, and magnified him exceedingly (2Chronicles 1:1, KJV).