The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 76
The possible meaning of the number 76 is derived almost entirely from its use in the Book of Psalms. Psalm 76 is believed to be one of twelve Psalms written by or for Asaph. He composed Psalm 50 as well as 73 through 83.
According to Bullinger's Companion Notes, Psalm 76 could be referring to King David conquering the city of Jebus (which he renamed Jerusalem) in 1003 B.C.
Adam Clarke's Commentary, however, believes this song was composed after Israel split in two in 930 B.C. It proposes the song was one of thanksgiving after Sennacherib's army was miraculously defeated when it threatened to destroy Jerusalem in 701 B.C.
The title for Psalm 76, in the King James, includes the phrase "To the chief Musician on Neginoth." The word neginoth is used to specify that stringed instruments should be played when the song is sung. Such instruments included the "harp" (also called a Zither in some translations) and "psaltery." This Psalm is one of only seven that requires such instruments. The others include Psalm 4, 6, 54, 55, 61 and 67.
Psalm 76, like others in the original third division of the Psalms, references the tabernacle (sanctuary) in Jerusalem where God is worshipped.
God is known in Judah; His name is great in Israel. And His tabernacle is in Salem (Jerusalem), and His dwelling place in Zion. There He broke the fiery arrows of the bow, the shield, and the sword, and the battle. Selah (verses 1 - 3).
Appearances of number seventy-six
Verse 1 of Psalm 76 mentions the tribe of Judah, one of only ten verses in the book to do so. The tribe was the largest in Israel just before the people entered their inheritance in the Promised Land. It had 76,500 fighting men aged twenty and above (Numbers 26). The next largest tribe to enter Canaan was Dan with 64,400 men.
Verse 2 of this Psalm refers to Jerusalem as Salem (a word that means "peaceful," Strong's #H8004). The only other King James Old Testament use of this city name is in Genesis 14, where the mysterious priest named Melchizedek is given the title "king of Salem" (verse 18).
Number 76 and the Pope
The Roman Catholic Church believes that after Peter died a man named Linus became the second pope (the bishop of Rome). They assert he served in this capacity from c. 67 to c. 76 A.D. Part of the justification offered for him assuming this position is that he was approved by both Paul and Peter. The Catholics also believe he is the same Linus mentioned in Paul's last epistle before his martyrdom.
(Timothy) Make every effort to come (to Rome) before winter. Eubulus salutes you, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia; and all the brethren salute you (2Timothy 4:21).
More info on Biblical Meaning of 76
The only Bible chapters with seventy-six or more verses is Number 7, 1Chronicles 6 and Luke 1.
A unique tradition, at Jerusalem's temple, took place each day of the Feast of Tabernacles and on the Last Great Day called the water pouring ceremony. It is unclear when this highly popular tradition was adopted or who began it. What is known is that this practice existed when Alexander Jannaeus served as the High Priest from 103 to 76 B.C.