The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 41
Although the precise meaning of number 41 is unclear in the Bible, it does have some relationship with the kings of ancient Israel and Judah.
Rehoboam was the son of King Solomon. It was during the earliest days of his rule, when he was 41, that the united kingdom of Israel split into two pieces (1Kings 12). This split in 930 A.D., which was prophesied to occur (1Kings 11:29 - 39, 12:15), created the Kingdoms of Israel (ten tribes) and Judah (two tribes plus tribe of Levi). Rehoboam ruled over Judah's kingdom while Jeroboam ruled over Israel.
Asa, one of the good kings over Judah, reigned for 41 years (910 to 869 B.C.). He had the third longest monarchy of Judah's twenty rulers (1Kings 15:10). Jeroboam II also ruled over the Kingdom of Israel for the same amount of offical years (40 actual years, 2Kings 14:23). His was the longest reign of all those who took the throne over the northern ten tribes.
Appearances of the number forty-one
The phrase "His mercy endureth for ever" occurs forty-one times in the King James Bible.
Out of the large number of prophecies found in the Old Testament, forty-one of them concern individuals and not nations or other groups of people.
In 41 B.C., Marc Antony (of Antony and Cleopatra fame) promotes Herod the Great to the position of Roman Tetrarch over Jerusalem and Galilee.
Herod Agrippa I, grandson of Herod the Great, is elevated by Caligula in 39 A.D. to Roman Tetrarch over Galilee and Perea. In 41, after Emperor Caligula is assassinated, he is made king over Judea and Samaria by Claudius. This Herod is notorious for murdering the Apostle James, thus becoming the first person to kill one of the original apostles (see Acts 12:1 - 5, 19 - 23).
Martin Luther and the number 41
The second New Testament book to be included in Scripture was written from 40 to 41 A.D. It was authored by Jesus' half-brother James and named after him. His writing focused on Christians being justified by faith AND works. The book of James challenges Christianity's prevailing concept that salvation requires nothing more than belief in God.
James' teaching that "faith alone" is not enough caused Martin Luther to label the book an epistle of straw because it contradicted what he thought the Bible taught.
Additional info on the Biblical Meaning of 41
Tiberius Claudius Caesar, the fourth emperor over the Roman Empire, began his rule in 41 A.D. after the murder of Caligula. He is mentioned in Acts 11:28 in relation to when a prophesied great famine would come upon the earth. His expelling of all Jews from Rome was the reason Priscilla and Aquila, who would become friends of Apostle Paul, ended up in Corinth (Acts 18:1 - 3).